Essays on Business Leaders Values and Beliefs Regarding Decision Making Ethics Assignment

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The paper "Business Leaders’ Values and Beliefs Regarding Decision Making Ethics" is a perfect example of a Management Assignment. There are many countries that have their own specific cultures and approach to issues. It is not easy to compare, measure, and analyze such a diverse and all-pervasive subject like culture. The Dutch scholar, Geert Hofstede came up with cultural dimensions that can be used to categorize different cultures in certain distinct groups that are identifiable. Brown, Trevino, and Harrison (2005) reiterate that Understanding cultural dimension has become crucial with the increase of multinational companies that continue to grow in this era of globalization.

Businesses operating in the international arena encounter huge challenges and none is more tasking than attaining interpretation of unfamiliar cultures. Cultural understanding and sensitivity is a priority for many international companies such as Coca-Cola, MacDonald’ s, Wal-Mart, Disney, and General Motors that operate in diverse environments. Cultural research assists international business by enhancing global business activities. The human resource management department of any given organization is highly affected by the culture that is practiced in a particular country (Watts, 2008).

Organizations operating internationally have to persistently re-examine people-policies as they look for new markets and investment opportunities in other countries. Managers have to be fully aware of national cultures as they seek out opportunities for investment or new markets. Ethics and culture of a particular environment have a big role to play in shaping the kind of leadership style that would be applied in such circumstances. The leadership of any organization particularly those operating in the international markets cannot be instituted without considering ethics and culture that prevail in that place as explained by Watts (2008).

This paper examines the influence of culture and ethics of on organizational leadership in a fast-changing environment. The importance of culture and ethics consideration has been emphasized while demonstrated the role of leadership developing with a strong social and ethical conscience. Discussion Absence of sensitivity or interpretation of cultural differences can be a recipe to expatriate and business failure. Culture can be a stumbling block to any organization that seeks to expand to international markets besides the local operations. Operating in a new environment requires that the management has to be well acquainted with the culture of that place.

Cultural differences are potential sources of confrontations and possible disasters if the management ignores them completely. A manager from a certain culture has to understand the culture of subordinates in the host country before he starts imposing his rules. It is important for any company not to explore opportunities blindly without considering the existing cultures (Hoecklin, 1995). The culture of a given place will have an impact on the operations of the company and how members are managed and motivated.

Ethics of people are specifically represented through their culture. Distribution of power and perception of people towards the authority dictates the manner in which members from a certain culture have to be led and governed with fewer cases of conflicts. Important definitions Culture is the whole set of social norms and responses that are prevalent in the behavior of a given population. It is a combination of rules, beliefs, artifacts, and institutions that describe the human population. It is usually passed on within the community and generation to another through stories, symbols, and rituals.

Resick et al (2006) observe that Culture enables one group of people to be distinguished from another group owing to the characteristics that define it.

References

Hofstede G, Hofstede, G.S. & Minkow, M., 2010, Cultures and organizations: software of the mind (3rd edition), McGraw Hill, New York, USA.

Hoecklin, L, 1995, Culture: what it is, what it is not and how it directs organizational behavior In Hoecklin L (1995), Managing cultural differences: strategies for competitive advantage. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company (New York, USA), 1995.

Anakwe, U. P., Igbaria, M. & Anandarajan, M., 2000, Management practices across cultures: Role of support in technology usage, Journal of International Business Studies, 31, 653-666.

Fernandez, E. R., Carlson, D. S., Stepina, L. P., & Nicholson, J. P., 1997, Hofstede’s country classification 25 years later, The Journal of Social Psychology, 137, 43-54.

McShane, S. L., & Von Glinow, M. A., 2000, Organizational Behavior, Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Sivakumar, K., & Nakata, C., 2001, The stampede toward Hofstede’s framework: Avoiding the sample design pit in cross-cultural research, Journal of International Business, 32, 555-574.

Yoo, B., & Donthu, N., 2002, The effects of marketing education and individual cultural values on marketing ethics of students, Journal of Marketing Education, 24(2), 92-103.

Brown, M. E., Trevino, L. K., & Harrison, D. A., 2005, Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 97, 117-134.

Reilly, E. C., 2006, The future entering: Reflections on and challenges to ethical leadership, Educational Leadership and Administration, 18, 163-173.

Resick, C. J., Hanges, P. J., Dickson, M. W., & Mitchelson, J. K., 2006, A cross-cultural examination of the endorsement of ethical leadership, Journal of Business Ethics, 63, 345-359.

Watts, T., 2008, Business Leaders’ Values and Beliefs Regarding Decision Making Ethics, Los Angeles, CA: LULU.

Law, W., 2006, Information Resources Management: Global Changes, Idea Group Publishing: London, England.

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