Quantitative Research CritiqueThe title for this article is ‘A preliminary study to evaluate a patient-centered asthma education programme on parental control of home environment and asthma signs and symptoms in children with moderate-to-severe asthma. ’ This title is consistent with the text in the sense it conforms with the aims, objectives and the results of the study which emphasize on the importance self management practices which help the parents to reduce the asthma triggers at home or to reduce the severity of asthma attacks. AbstractThe abstract provides clear information on the main features of the article.
These include the aim, background, method, results, conclusions and the relevance to clinical practice. However, the abstract fails to identify the problem statement and the instruments of data collection. Statement of the problemThe problem is allergic triggers which lead to asthma attacks in children Hypothesis A patient centred education program would be more effective at improving asthma mobility than a routine mobility program. Protection of participant’s rightsThe researcher informed the participants before carrying out the study and obtained their consent. Literature reviewThe report adequately provides a summary into the existing knowledge of study which is related to the problem in this study.
The information about the previous studies is used to support the interpretation of the findings. The research designThe researcher employed a preliminary quasi-experimental non equivalent control group design. This involves the selection of groups of study in which a variable is tested without random pre-selection process. It is used for measuring social variables. Population and samplesThe researcher employed purposive method in selection and recruitment of parents (n=75) with children suffering from moderate or severe asthma.
The population was adequate since it addressed the patients who had specific knowledge about asthma with different levels of suffering. RecruitmentThe researcher employed purposive method to recruit the participants based on the level of suffering (moderate and severe). They also measured parent’s control of home environmental triggers and children asthma signs. The children were classified into comparison and experimental groups. Data collection The researcher employed a self report questionnaire in collection of data. The advantages of using questions are that they are cheap and easy to use. The disadvantages of using questionnaires are that the participants may not be willing to fill them if they have long and complex questions.
Data analysisAll data were analysed using SPSS for windows (version 12.0). The researcher also employed descriptive statistics to analyse demographic characteristics. Findings of the studyThe study showed that centred education programme significantly improved parent’s households’ dusts and cleaning behaviours relative to the comparison group. The study also showed that children with moderate or severe asthma in experimental group had fewer signs of asthma and better lung function than children in the comparison group. Implications and recommendationsParents-cantered asthma education programme improved parents home environmental control and children’s asthma signs and lung function.
This knowledge may be used in clinical practice in education of patients in asthma clinics.