The paper 'The Effectiveness of the Emergency Planning Arrangements in the United Kingdom' is a wonderful example of a Management Case Study. More than a decade now, the emergency planning arrangement system of the United Kingdom has come across significant reforms since the implementation of the Civil Contingency Act 2004. The main objectives of these reforms are to decrease casualties during a disaster occurrence. Analyzing the historical data on disaster management and preparedness, it is clear that there are an increasing frequency and threat of disasters like terrorist incidents, localized emergencies, maritime emergencies, and wide-area emergencies in the United Kingdom.
After 2005 incidences of terrorist attacks in London, this has raised more concerns about the effectiveness of the UK disaster planning arrangements on civil emergencies (Civil Contingencies Secretariat 2009a). The Civil Contingency Act 2004 has founded structures and policies to deal with current disaster emergencies in the United Kingdom. Various organizations in the UK have been involved to respond to civil emergencies both before and after the occurrence of disaster threats. At the beginning of the 21st century, the United Kingdom National Security Strategy (NSS) experienced an increase in civil emergencies in social, economic, and environmental sectors.
The prevention, response to, and recovery from these emergencies can be improved. Looking back to UK history on emergency planning, various organizations involved in emergency planning and management have been reactive. However, the challenges of the 21st century have led to the introduction of pre-emptive regulations that helps in building resilience (Dillon et al. , 2009). The introduction of the Civil Contingency Act in 2004 brought in a statutory framework of roles and responsibilities among the organizations involved in the UK emergency planning arrangements.
The Act also established a contemporary framework that uses legislative measures in dealing with the impacts of the most serious emergencies. This is perceived as a positive response by the UK government in remedying civil emergencies that are affecting different sectors of the nation (Cabinet Office, 2012).
Cabinet Office, (2012). Revision to Emergency Preparedness. Reference to the sections of the Civil Contingency Act 2004.
Cabinet Office, (2013). Responding to an emergency: arrangements in England. United Kingdom.
Civil Contingencies Secretariat. (2009a, March 26). The Lead Government Department and its role – Guidance and Best Practice. Retrieved April 10, 2009, from Cabinet Office: http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/132844/lgds.pdf
Department of Health, (2005). Taking healthcare to the patient. London: Communication for the department of health.
Dillon, B., Dickinson, I., Whiteford, F. and Williamson, J. (2009). Emergency planning officers' handbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lee, A., Phillips, W., Challen, K. and Goodacre, S. (2012). Emergency management in health: key issues and challenges in the UK. BMC Public Health, 12(1), p.884.
Pollock, K. (2013). Emergency planning college occupation papers: review of persistent lessons identified relating to interoperability from emergencies and major incidents since 1986. A report commissioned by the cabinet office Civil Contingencies Secretary.. London.