Essays on The Process of Implementation Case Study

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The paper 'The Process of Implementation' is a great example of a management term paper. Implementation is the process of putting an absolute decision into effect. Once the leaders have made an individual decision, the decision goes through the application cycle. People get informed of the decision and policy instruments begin working. Later, the Government machine affects the cabinet’ s final decision. However, the process of implementation does not always fall to plan because the gap between outcome and intention may be significant. Evaluation, on the other hand, is an integral part of implementing a policy, for it gives information on the progress, creating a bond amongst the team members, as well as using the evaluation methods to provide feedback to revise public policies or processes.

Evaluation can also be performed to check the effects the policies have in the implementation phase. Implementation and Evaluation failure in the public sector becomes the subject of political debates, which political opponents and the media identify as forms of government incompetence (Hill & Varone, 2016, p. 22). For a better understanding of the challenges faced during implementation and evaluation processes, it is important to analyze some of the theoretical perspectives and debates in the real world. Implementation and EvaluationImplementation deficit or application failure means giving a normative requirement because of the judgment of the observation and the expected results.

Application failure defined the values of the observer or the values of the actors involved in the process; evaluation then gets provided. However, the difference between evaluation and implementation as two different but consecutive stages of the policymaking process appears analytically pertinent enough to maintain. The evaluator gathers data and analyzes it to give relevant information about program results (Althaus, Bridgman & Davis, 2012, p. 23).

On the other hand, the implementer ingests the information from the evaluator and uses it to check on earlier choices and give advice on future actions. Therefore, the application is all about learning from assessment. It is through the production and ingestion of data that evaluators engage in contemporary relationships.

References

Althaus, C., Bridgman, P. and Davis, G., 2012. The Australian policy handbook. Allen & Unwin.

Barrett, S.M., 2004. Application studies: time for a revitalization? Personal reflections on 20 years of applied research. Public administration, 82(2), pp.249-262.

DeLeon, P. and DeLeon, L., 2002. What ever happened to policy implementation? An alternative approach. Journal of public management research and philosophy, 12(4), pp.467-492.

DiNitto, D.M. and Johnson, D.H., 2015. Social welfare: Politics and public policy. Pearson.

Duit, A. and Galaz, V., 2008. Governance and complexity—emerging issues for management theory. Governance, 21(3), pp.311-335.

Elmore, R.F., 1979. Backward mapping: Implementation research and policy decisions. Political science quarterly, 94(4), pp.601-616.

Hill, M. and Hupe, P., 2008. Implementing public policy: An introduction to the study of operational governance. Sage.

Hill, M., and Varone, F., 2016. The public policy process. Taylor & Francis.

Kørnøv, L., Zhang, J. and Christensen, P., 2015. The influence of street level bureaucracy on the implementation of Strategic Environmental Assessment. Bulletin of Environmental Planning and Administration, 58(4), pp.598-615.

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Maitland, R.E., 1995. Synthesizing the implementation literature: The ambiguity-conflict model of policy implementation. Journal of public administration research and theory, 5(2), pp.145-174.

Noll, A.M., 1992. Anatomy of a failure: Picturephone revisited. Telecommunications Policy, 16(4), pp.307-316.

Sabatier, P.A., 1986. Top-down and bottom-up approaches to application research: a critical analysis and suggested fusion. Journal of public policy, 6(1), pp.21-48.

Vedung, E., 2017. Public policy and program evaluation. Routledge.

Windholz, E., 2014. NDIS beware Pink batts below!. Alternative Law Journal, 39(2), pp.89-93.

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