The paper 'Joanne That Was Arrested by the Police" is a good example of a management case study. Case management mainly refers to the collaborative practice of assessment, facilitation, planning, advocacy, and care coordination for substance abuse individuals to enhance their recovery process without necessarily going to the hospital. The various models of case management mainly constitute the generalist/ brokerage models, the intensive case model, the rehabilitation model and the strength-based case management (Morrissey, Meyer & Cuddeback, 2007). Each of these models has been observed to depict certain levels of effectiveness in enhancing the patient recovery process. The case presented herein involves Joanne, a 22-year-old teen who was arrested by the police.
She was found in possession of a little heroin in her pocket. Joanne was then charged with one count of stealing and one count of being in possession of a prohibited drug, heroin. Moreover, she was given one count of assault and later released on bail. The Case management plan has therefore been instituted for Joanne and is used in the analysis of her recovery process (Burns et al. , 2009).
This paper will analyze the level of effectiveness of the above-mentioned case management models and then relate each model with Joanne’ s case. The brokerage/ generalist model mainly aims at identifying the needs of the client and then assisting them to access the necessary resources that correspond to their needs. This case management has been used among other similar population as the other specialized models. In case ongoing monitoring is provided, it should be brief and not need active advocacy. Most researchers disparage this model due to the little contact exhibited between the client and case manager, and also lack of advocacy.
The use of this approach is mainly appropriate in cases where social services and treatment have been prescribed for the client (Bernabei et al. , 2008). This model has been observed to be highly effective among economically stable clients, who have sufficient resources and significant intents. While working with substance abusing clients, the staff members offer intensive home-based counselling services, and at the same time assist them in accessing certain resources that they may need, such as affordable and safe housing, as well as sufficient health.
Through these, the clients obtain the relevant intervention to their health (Godley, Godley, & Wallace, 2004). This model can be applied in Joanne’ s case since it aims at identifying the needs of the client and helping them access the necessary resources. Nonetheless, the little interaction between the client and case manager may limit its application in Joanne’ s case. It may therefore not yield perfectly the required results. Relatively, the intensive case management model refers to a community-based care package aimed at providing long term care for mentally ill persons whose conditions are severe but do not require admission.
Intensive case management model evolved from two community models of assertive community treatment, case management, and community models of care. In this case, ICM emphasizes on the importance of minor caseload and high-intensity input. ICM has been observed to be effective in ameliorating various outcomes that are relevant to individuals with severe mental disorders. Compared to the standard care ICM, it was observed to increase care retention and reduce hospitalization. Moreover, a number of researches have shown it to improve social functioning (Bond, Miller, Krumwied, & Ward, 2008).
The largest beneficiaries of ICM are the people suffering from severe mental illnesses mainly found within the subgroup of patients with high levels of hospitalization. Application of this model in Joanne’ s case is limited to the fact that Joanne’ s condition is not severe. The client, Joanne, can still manage her condition and subjecting her to conditions necessary for persons with a severe mental disorder may ruin her further.
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