Essays on Liberia Governance Challenges Case Study

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The paper "Liberia Governance Challenges " is a perfect example of a business case study.   Countries are ranked yearly based on their human development index. Human development index is an assessment of how a country has progressed both socially and economically. Poor nations have low human development index while rich nations have very high human development index. All countries in the world have been put into four major classifications including; very high, high, medium and low human development index. A larger percentage of African nations fall into the category of poor nations.

A number of factors have been highlighted as the major causes of poor development and among these factors is poor governance. Many poor nations if not all are being faced with a problem of poor governance and it has been argued as the major cause of many problems both in the social and economical dimension. Governance challenges will be the subject of this essay and I will use Liberia as a case example of a country facing a number of common governance challenges. Arguments will be supported by various scholarly works.

Additionally, I will give suggestions on what the government of Sierra Leone need to do in order to steer development both in the social and economic dimension. Good governance as a concept became a subject of concern in the 1990s (Danielle & Regina, 2005, p. 1). Since then, many debates have emerged regarding the relationship between governance and overall economic development. The two aspects (governance and development) have become the agenda of international policies and there has been a general assumption that there is a link between governance and development or growth (World Bank, 2001).

Despite this general assumption, the question of how they are related remains unanswered. This has been due to a number of reasons including lack of a precise definition of the term 'governance' and a scale of measurement of this relationship (Danielle & Regina, 2005, p. 2). In addition to this, economic growth or development is affected by many factors thus; it is quite difficult to pinpoint a specific factor having a direct effect of growth. To some extent, these numerous debates have yielded fruits from the fact that many scholars are in agreement with the direct correlation between the two aspects.

In fact, according to UNDP (1997), the two concepts are inseparable and 'governance cannot be sound unless it sustains human development' (UNDP, 1997, p. 2). Similarly, the UN secretary-general Kofi Annan argued that "good governance is perhaps the single most important factor in eradicating poverty and promoting development" (United Nations, 1998). Former Nigerian leader the late Sani Abacha in one of his speeches said that development could only be achieved in his country through good governance and there exists an internal relationship between governance and overall country development (Abacha Speaks, 1993, p.

8). As observed by the economist, 'of all the ills that kill the poor, none is as lethal as bad government' (Court, 2006, p. 1). Many other scholars are in agreement with the propositions of these scholars. As stated earlier in this paper, there is no precise definition of governance. Despite the fact that it is often used, it has been interpreted differently by different scholars from all disciplines (Danielle & Regina, 2005, p.

3). Giving a precise definition of governance is therefore crucial in identifying its challenges. Governance is simply the exercise of managing the affairs of a country in all dimensions (political, social and economic ) (UNDP, 1997). Countless definitions have been proposed by different scholars. What is quite evident is that all these definitions have some common notions of what good governance entails and they comprise of; accountability, transparency, responsiveness, equity and inclusion, effectiveness and efficiency, rule of law and, participation and consensus (Danielle & Regina, 2005, p.

4). Many leaders have failed in implementing these elements of good governance and have therefore resulted in challenges. The challenges of governance are common and almost the same especially in the African nations. The most common challenges that have confronted African nations are; corruption, conflict resolution problems, human rights, leadership and socio-economic development.

References

Abacha Speaks. (1993). An Address at Swearing-in Ceremony of State Administrators 9th December. In the Compendium of Selected Speeches of General Sani Abacha Nigeria 9th Head of State from November 1993 –January 1998. Blue Heaven Communication and Publicly Co. Ltd.

Afrobarometer. (2012). Summary of findings

Basedau, M. (2005). Good governance and parliament in Liberia-Best practices: Mission report. Institute of African affairs: Hamburg.

Chene, M. (2012). Overview of corruption and anti-corruption in Liberia. Transparency International.

Court, J. (2006). Governance, Development and Aid Effectiveness: A Quick Guide to Complex Relationships. Odi Briefing paper March 2006.

Danielle, R. & Regina, B. (2005). Does good governance contribute to pro-poor growth?: A conceptual framework and empirical evidence from cross-country studies, proceedings of the German development economics conference, Kiel 2005, Research committee development economics, no. 5. Retrieved 25 October 2013 from

Gul, E. (2009). Case study of Liberian economic growth: Pertinent lessons for developing countries. Monrovia: University of Liberia.

Mark T. (2012, November 1). Liberia’s Johnson Sirleaf Defiant Over Nepotism and Corruption Claims. Theguardian, November 1, 2012, http://www.guardian.co.uk/global- development/2012/nov/01/liberia-johnson-sirleaf-nepotism-corruption.

Transparency International. (2012). Transparency international corruption perceptions index 2012. EYGM Limited: Berlin.

Transparency International. (2013 July). Global Corruption Barometer 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013

United Nations Development Program (UNDP). (1997). Governance for Sustainable Human Development: A UNDP Policy Document. UNDP: New York.

United Nations. (1998). Annual Report of the secretary general on the work of the organization, document A/53/1. New York: United Nations.

Voisard, A. (2013 September 18). Security council extends UN peace mission in Liberia for another year. UN News Centre. Retrieved 26 October 2013. from

World Bank. (2001). World Development Report 2000/2001. Oxford University Press: New York.

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