The paper "Work-Related Stress in Organisations" is a good example of business coursework. Work-related stress, particularly in developed economies is emerging as a major cause for concern for human resource practitioners, governments and various stakeholders due to the resulting costs in treatment and low productivity. According to a 2014 survey by the Australian Psychological Society, 45% of Workers in Australia reported being stressed by their work. The report also identified a consistent trend of workers being more dissatisfied with their job and work-life balance. Work-related stress is a leading cause of low productivity at the workplace.
According to a report by Patty (2016), stress-related absence at work has been increasing significantly over the years. This results in low productivity of workers due to absences and incomplete tasks. Companies are also committing significant resources to engage the services of psychologists that offer counselling and remedies to employee stress. While minimal stress may be important in stirring creativity and enthusiasm in employees, it may be harmful to employees’ health and results in low productivity and increased costs for businesses (McTernan, et al. , 2013).
Therefore, it is imperative for organizations to develop strategies of preventing excessive work-related stress among employees and where necessary, devise mechanisms of addressing sources of stressors when they are identified. Work-related stress definition According to the world health organization (WHO), work-related stress can be be viewed as the reaction that people make when presented with work demands and resulting pressure that does not match their knowledge, abilities, skills and available resources, to the extent that they feel significantly challenged to cope with the situation. George and Zakkariya (2015) define work-related stress as any characteristics of the workplace that constitute a threat to an individual.
This means that work-related stress may be perceived as an employee’ s feeling of personal dysfunction due to perceived undesirable conditions and his/her psychological and physiological reactions to the same. George and Zakkariya’ s (2015) definition, is different from WHO’ s as it classifies work-related stress as perceived threats to an individual’ s wellbeing. WHO identifies work-related stress as demands and pressure to complete tasks that one is incapable of performing. However, the two definitions acknowledge that work-related stress causes undesirable psychological effects on individuals who are affected by a stressing workplace situation. Main sources of work-related stress The nature of one’ s work depends on their professional category and designation at work.
Some jobs may be more stressing for humans due to the level of mental involvement or exposure to factors that are likely to cause psychological disturbance (Wieclaw, et al. , 2006). According to research conducted across five European countries by Denny, Wells and Cunnigham (2011), workers in different occupations experience stress at varying levels. The research identified individuals working with mental health patients as workers who are susceptible to high levels of work-related stress due to the fact that they work with service users who may be challenging to understand and work with.
Similarly, a police officer working in areas with high incidences of violent crimes such as murder may be highly susceptible to work-related stress (Arnetz, et al. , 2013). The way a job is designed and the flow of processes and decisions at the work-place may constitute a major source of stress. Some employees find it stressing to work in organizations where their roles keep on changing and they get to take responsibilities for failures that arise from different departments (Hü lsheger, et al. , 2013).
Publicly listed organizations are also piling more performance demands on employees in order to increase profits and raise the company’ s stocks value. As noted by George & Zakkariya (2015) employees are at times forced to multitask to complete more than two tasks at a go. Such poor job design and high demand for performance at work are likely to cause stress.
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